Photography is a personal experience and a very serious profession. Photography has been in existence for a long time. The first photo was taken in 1826 but color photography became highly popular only after the 1930s.

Since then, photography has really come a long way, like Instagram, Pinterest, Whatsapp, Twitter etc. Social Media has led to creating multiple jobs in the photography business. Here, we will be learning the photography from basics including best camera equipment’s and its availability in the market, with best-suited photography type to choose from.

Type of Camera Equipment’s

Photography without good camera equipment’s is like food without salt. The right camera equipment does the right thing. The right camera equipment lets you click the best photographs and eventually helps you to become a professional photographer

1. Tripod:

It is one of the most paramount equipment in photography. Tripods are used for both motion and still photography. It provides stability to avoid shaky/ blurred images. Whether you are shooting for landscape, portrait, wildlife, corporate or even wedding photography, a tripod is a must.

Top picks for the tripod are: Joby GP3 GorillaPod, Benro T600EX, and Digitek DTR-495BH

2. Remote Shutter:

Remote shutter releases are a godsend, especially in unfavorable weather conditions. This equipment is used in synchrony with a tripod. This ensures the best images, especially when doing a long a shoot of long duration, a slight miss can cost a lot. You can pick between, wired & wireless remote shutter.

Best remote shutter available in the market is Canon Wireless Remote Control BR-E1, Nikon FFW002AA ML-L3 Remote Control and Neewer 10000374 Timer Remote Control RS-60E3.

3. Prime Lens

The prime lens allows to take finer images with a better bokeh effect and is quite sharper than the zoom lens.  It can teach you a lot of composition techniques because of its inability to zoom. There is a standard as well as Telephoto prime lens available in the market. Most importantly, the prime lens only works with cameras having an interchangeable lens system like DSLR’s and Mirrorless cameras.

The best prime lens available in the market are: Tokina Opera 50mm f/1.4 FF, Tokina Opera 50mm f/1.4 FF, and Canon EF 400mm f/4 DO IS II USM

4. External Flash (Speedlight)

External flash also known as Speedlight or Flashgun, comes extremely handy especially while shooting in the dark. The high power of speed-light illuminates a larger area giving you a wide range. Unlike built-in flash, you can take more shots instead of waiting for the flash to convert.

Top picks for external flash- Hahnel Modus 600RT, Canon Speedlite 600EX II-RT, and Nissin Di700A + Air 1.

5. AA Batteries + Battery Charger

Running out of the battery in the middle of the shoot can be a major hindrance. That’s why it imperative to invest in rechargeable batteries.

AA batteries & chargers to invest are-AA Batteries- Eneloop Pro, Powerex AAs etc and Chargers-PowerEx MH-C9000, Maha PowerEx “Ultimate Professional” Charger among others.

6. SD Memory Card

Everything from cameras to smartphones, every one of us, uses SD Memory Card. It is always advisable to carry a handful of SD memory cards (instead of one big SD card) if the card is corrupt.

Top picks for the SD card would be Transcend U3 UHS-I 32Gb, Sandisk Extreme Pro UHS-I 32Gb, Samsung SDA PRO+ 32Gb.

7. Camera Cleaning Kit

Camera, lens, and glasses can get easily damaged by pollutants like dust, dirt, moisture etc. Cleaning your camera lenses regularly will safeguard your expensive gadgets assures longevity.

Top picks for camera cleaning kit would be- Movo Deluxe Essentials, CamKix Professional and Delkin Sensor Scope 3.

8. Polarizing Filter

The polarizing filter is a type of lens filter, which comes really handy while shooting direct sunlight. The filter helps to creates more naturally saturated colors by removing glare from the nonmetallic objects. They come in two variations: linear and circular.

Best Polarizing filters in the market are-  Hoya 72mm DMC PRO1 Digital Circular Polarizer Glass Filter, Hoya 67mm Pro1 Digital DMC Circular Polarizer Filter and B+W 72mm Circular Polarizer with Multi-Resistant Coating.

9. Camera Strap

The free straps with the camera are usually weak and can break easily. A good quality camera strap, not only holds the camera properly but also helps taking photographs with ease.

Top picks for the camera strap are- Yantralay Dual Camera Shoulder Neck Sling Quick Strap, Shopee Double Sling Strap, and Amazon Basics Camera Sling Strap.

10. Bag

A camera bag acts as a shield for the camera. Quick access to all your gears is a must have, when going on a photography trip. 

Here, are some good bags to invest- Peak Design Everyday Messenger 13 V2, Gitzo Adventury 30L and LowePro Streetline SL 140.

Types of Camera

Understanding how the different types of cameras works, 
help to choose the one best suited for your needs.

Compact digital camera

For beginner to begin the photography, one can opt for point & shoot camera. This camera allows you to click images by simply pointing the camera at the subject and clicking the shutter.

Top picks for these cameras are Fujifilm X100F, Panasonic Lumix ZS200 / TZ200, Sony Cyber-shot RX10 IV among others.

Digital SLR cameras

The DSLR (digital single lens reflex) is a preferred choice for photography professionals. DSLR is meant to use for commercial purpose delivering
sharp images, with beautiful background bokeh.

Best DSLR camera in the market is Nikon D850, Canon EOS 5D Mark IV, Nikon D500n etc.

Mirrorless Cameras

It is a digital interchangeable lens camera (ILCs) that either has electronic viewfinders or simply no viewfinder. It is very compact and lightweight but packed with most of the features of DLSR.

Top picks for Mirrorless cameras are Nikon Z 7, Sony A9, Fujifilm X-T3 etc.

Action Cameras

The pocket-sized camera is a sheer treat for adventure lovers. Small cameras are handy and can easily be mounted on bicycle, helmet etc. It permits hands-free shooting in a diverse situation.

Best Action camera in the market is GoPro Hero7 Black, GoPro HERO6 Black, Yi 4K+ Action Camera etc.

360 Cameras

In recent times, 360 camera has gained immense popularity, due to its capability of capturing great panoramic view with high-quality resolution.

Top picks for 360 cameras are Insta360 ONE X, Garmin VIRB 360, Ricoh Theta V.

Film Cameras-

Film cameras have been in existence since ages but have still not gone obsolete. Due to its advantages over the digital cameras, it is still preferred by many photographers. Film cameras still provide classic 35mm film cameras with enhanced features and are best for people who love to develop films manually.

Top picks for these cameras are Canon AE-1, Canon AE-1, Minolta X-700 etc.

Types of photography:

Photography is a seriously creative career choice having its own niche. Due to the emergence of social media, various types of photography have come in the picture with future promising career growth. Here, we will be discussing a few photography domains having a high ROI.

1. Product Photography-

Product photography is immensely popular, especially among the Social Media & E-commerce business. It helps the consumer to understand the product and its specification. Generally, there are two types of product photography images, one is white background Product Image, which is widely accepted for e-commerce business. And, second is the colored background product image, which we use on Instagram, website and product promotion.

2. Family Photography


In the world of internet, photography has gone a long way.  You always find Family photographs in everyone room, wall or corner. Things are changing now, and instead, you get to see candid family pictures rather than formal family portrait. This could be your potential photography career to start with.

3. Wedding Photography


A wedding is a lifetime event for every one of us. Traditional and Candid photography is how we differentiate wedding photography, nowadays. It is now a choice given to you what kind of images you want to get clicked for your wedding. So, its a very important to match up to the expectations of the family and this makes it an extremely responsible job. Only sensible & crazy peeps can do justice to this.

4. Influencer Photography


The advent of social media has open brilliants career path for everyone. And, Social Media Influencers are the fastest growing and highest paid job. The ever-growing fan base of Influencers of Instagram & YouTube has made eminent brands to opt collaboration over existing brand ambassadors. They help in branding and sales to the brand for growth.

5. Event Photography


We all consider ourselves as a photographer, but we can’t deny the fact that there are only a few geniuses who can do justice with photography. Event photography is a glamorous job to capture your best and happy blasting moments.  To begin your career in event photography, you can freelance or full-time with some event companies doing concerts, festivals, gigs, exhibitions etc.

6. Architectural & Real Estate Photography


Having a striking image of the building/ Infrastructure/land/interior is the first step to generate interest amongst your buyers. And a site visit actually strengths your buying decision. Realtors nowadays are very open in spending on this segment because it generates sales before the construction completion. To begin architectural photography, visiting heritage sites like Taj Mahal, Lal Quila, Qutab Minar, Humayun Tomb, Agarsen k Bauwli, Khujaro, Hampi etc can be the potential place to be your first photography assignment.

7. Food Photography


Thanks to social media like Instagram, YouTube, Pinterest, Facebook among others, for the rise of the food photography business. Chef, food stylist and food photographer always ensure a lightening experience for the food admirers. You can always spot a few masterpiece food photographs in magazines, food blogs, and advertisements.

8. Fashion Photography


Fashion and photography go hand in hand. Brands hire fashion photographers to showcase their products and services.  One can start photography with advertising, e-commerce shoots, influencer, studios shoot, fashion shows or whichever you like the most. You can connect with e-commerce sellers, brands, influencers etc to pitch your work as a commercial photographer.

9. Wildlife Photography


If you are an animal lover with camera skills, then wildlife photography is for you. It takes a lot of commitment and determination to capture the undomesticated animals in the wilderness. It requires special equipment, like telephoto,  macro lenses, etc. Wildlife photography is a way to showcase your experience & strength by clicking stunning pictures.

10. Baby Photography


Baby photography is one of the trickiest types of photography. Shooting a newborn baby is an extraordinary experience so does it feels. It is a responsible job that requires artistic and attention to detail.  It’s pretty common to hire a baby photographer, it’s once in a lifetime event. Kids photography is one way to get stress free.

Photography has come a long way, and everyone wants a picture perfect click. So, if you love photography then go for it, if not then stay photo-ready forever.